In your responses to Alden and Joseph post that is uploaded below, address the following after reviewing their completed speech outline template and initial post:
- Provide clear, helpful feedback in response to your peer’s requested topics for feedback, using best practices as discussed in course resources.
- Describe at least one element of your peer’s outline that is done very well, and explain why you feel it is well done.
- Did you see citations within the body of their outline with a corresponding reference list?
In response to Valerie and Justin posts, discuss some of the differences you notice between Impressionism and Romanticism based on each classmate’s example and the historical context in which they describe it (e.g., even though loose brushstrokes are characteristic of both Impressionist and Romantic paintings, the meaning conveyed in each style is different and reflects their respective historical/social contexts).
I have chosen Edouard Manet’s Plum Brandy for this week’s discussion. From c. 1877, this work depicts a young woman seated at a Cafe alone. She appears to be almost outside the canvas, with the table as the only barrier between her and the viewer. We can not read what is on her mind as she appears to be in profound thought, and we do not know what she is looking at as she is seated in the cafe. Her clothes would have been typical of a working-class woman in France in that day; had she been middle or upper class, she would have more than likely been wearing gloves.
There are many cultural clues in the painting, from the young woman’s clothes to the table that separates her from the viewer; the marble table is typical of what may have been in the French cafe of that day. The image is almost defiant in that it would not have been culturally acceptable for a woman to be seated alone in a cafe; it also would not have been acceptable for her to have a cigarette in her hand or the Plum Brandy that she is drinking.
Manet uses loose brushstrokes in this painting, typical of him and other impressionist artists. He paints with these patches that appear to be dabs of paint from his paintbrush. These patches are shown most prominently in the fingers of her left hand and the plum in glass. If you look closely, you can almost see the dab of paint in the fingers as he forgoes clean lines in exchange for these thatches.
The aesthetics of this Artwork would have seemed unfinished during the Romantic period and represents the French roots of the Impressionist movement and the change in beauty standards.
The painting I’ve chosen is A Bar at the Folies-Bergere by Edouard Manet. This painting was completed a year before Manet’s death and exhibited in 1882. The main focus of this painting is a barmaid working behind the bar. Through the mirror behind her, we can see many patrons inside a lavish bar and the barmaid herself is talking with a customer. Folies-Bergere was a real place that Manet would go to often with friends. The cultural influence of lavish Paris nightlife can be felt through this painting. As with other impressionists paintings, this painting is like a snapshot in time rather than a historical one.
What stands out most in this painting is the barmaid herself. She has almost a blank expression on her face that could be interpreted as sad, bored, or un-interested. This is in contrast to the seemingly lively and jovial reflection in the mirror. She almost feels detached in that way. Maybe that was Manet’s point with painting. That despite being in a pleasant atmosphere, we can still feel isolated.
In response to Annie and Sarah posts, offer suggestions for refining and strengthening their proposed test.
There are so many topics I’d love to cover, but if I were to propose a test right now, I would focus on an individual’s susceptibility to entering a DV (domestic violence) relationship. Measurable variables could be self-esteem, self-worth, childhood trauma, family support, friends support, attachment style, family size/makeup, etc. I believe this would be a semi-structured interview, where there is a pre-determined list of questions but the interviewer has the freedom to follow up on answers in order to get more details (Kchessler, n.d.). This test would not be very reliable or valid since the scores would be construct (a construct score being one that measures theoretical variables such as depression, agreeableness, etc.) (Cohen, 2021). Regardless of the lack of reliability and validity, it would still provide an idea of who is more likely to fall into these relationships. This could be used for teens as they are starting to date and would benefit from a warning for this kind of relationship, or any individual at any age who wants to understand why they end up in these relationships.
The test I am going to administer is more of an experimental test that will measure the effects of meditation and nature connection with teens who suffer from depression. About 20% of teenagers experience depression before adulthood (Geiger, 2020). It’s important to measure depression in teenagers because early intervention has been proven to reduce the severity of symptoms. It also gives the individual a chance to heal unsolved trauma so that they are mentally and emotionally prepared as they enter adulthood.
This test will be reliable because it will have the same procedure and assessment for every participant. It will be consistent and stable in measuring the effects of meditation and nature in individuals who suffer from depression.
Because this assessment will be reliable it will automatically be high in validity (Test Reliability and Validity Defined, 2021). The assessment will be self-reported, and it will be given to participants before and after the meditation and nature exercises.
This test will be taken prior to meditation and nature practices to assess stress level and symptoms of depression. After one month of practice, the same test will be given to participants and to measure the effects of meditation and immersing themselves in nature.
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