EA391SE Airline and Airport : Financials and Operational Information

EA391SE Airline and Airport : Financials and Operational Information

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EA391SE Airline and Airport

Task:

Individual written assignment

Economic, financial and commercial assessment of a typical airline or airport 

Select an airline or an airport of your choice based on published information available i.e. market, operational, economic, financial and other related information 

•Conduct research and select the business only if the financials and operational information are published in the common public domain 

•Analyse and evaluate the demand versus supply scenario for the airline or airport and conduct an economic analysis (SWOT, PESTLE, etc) 

•Analyze, evaluate and critique the financial statements of the airline or airport making your assessments on revenues, costs, profit/loss and outlining opportunities and challenges 

•Review and present your findings post analysis of your airline or airport statement of accounts – P & L, Balance sheet etc.

 

•Discuss how the airline or airport is funded

 

•Discuss income generation, sources of revenues and areas of spending

 

•Present an assessment of the airline or airport commenting on the financial health, major revenue segments, insights on costs and outlining any future growth and profit prospects for the airline or the airport

 

Present your Assignment covering the crucial aspects as outlined in the subsequent pages (100 marks)

 

While writing the report, you will need to consider the following:

 

(1) When applying the strategic tools and techniques, you will need to conduct market research for the related airline and airport to understand the ownership, strategy, past performance, future capabilities, its vision, mission and core values etc.  

 

(2) It is crucial that you have access to its published financials and other operational details so that you can make related assessments, reviews and enable an informed analytical assignment. Please refrain from just quoting verbatim status of the airport or airline financials and it is required that you bring in critical reviews and assessment of the financials and other operating data outlying some challenges and opportunities. 

 

(3)Apply the different aspects of learning in this module, academic theories, techniques and strategic evaluation tools for the related airport or airline and conduct your reviews to present your assessment of the airline or airport of choice.  

 

(4)Outline in your assessment the various factors which affect aviation business for the chosen airport or airline bringing in the macroeconomic and PESTLE/SWOT analysis for the area of business, critically assessing succinctly the government policy and strategy. Outline what is the policy of bilateral or multilateral agreements and the impacts of the freedoms of air. 

 

(5)Briefly outline the marketing mix of the airline or airport of your choice highlighting the unique selling propositions and areas of potential improvements across the marketing mix for the airline or airport.  

 

(6)You would need to relate the airline and airport of your choice to the key aviation trends (the cyclical nature of the global aviation industry) and critically assess the position of your airline or airport pertaining to the global trends highlighting some key opportunities, threats and challenges for the airport or airline 

 

(7)Outline what could be done differently in the airport or airline of your choice relating it with global trends and benchmark it to an industry leader airport or airline citing examples of successful transformation highlighting your assessment 

 

(8)You would need to make a good assessment for aviation economics and present a demand (RPK/M) and supply (ASK/M) assessment for the airline or airport of your choice using the operations, financial and other date sources from the public domain and presenting your critical assessment in a succinct manner, using facts. 

 

(9)Make an assessment of the airline or airports financials briefly assessing the profit and loss account, balance sheet and the future forecasts, if available. Outline your key findings highlighting some opportunities and challenges based on your assessment of the performance and productivity indicators for the airport or airline. 

 

(10)At the end of the report, outline key conclusions based on the strategic framework analysis of the aviation economic and financial assessment outlining your recommendations for improvements on the way forward for implementation. 

 

Identify any other information or analysis you would want to undertake to reinforce your analysis and decision.

EA391SE Airline and Airport

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FIN B281F Finance for Managers : Financial Director of Electronic

FIN B281F Finance for Managers : Financial Director of Electronic

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FIN B281F Finance for Managers

Question:

You must use word processing software (such as Microsoft Word) to prepare the report, and submit the report via the Online Learning Environment (OLE). You do not have to submit a hard copy of your report. All assignments must be uploaded to the OLE by 5:00 pm the submission due date. [Note: please refer to the quick start guide for submission of assignment to Turnitin.]

10% of the marks awarded to the assignment will be deducted for each calendar day overdue until soft copies are submitted.

1. Electronic Inc. has 750,000 shares of stock outstanding, total earnings of $6,000,000, a market price per share of $48, and pays a cash dividend of $2.0 per share. Recently the company has developed a new electronic product on computer motherboard which is more efficient. After investigating the possibility of manufacturing this new product, Electronic determined that the costs involved in building a new plant is very high. The management decided that they are unwilling to invest heavily on it; instead, they can sell the design to an outside firm. The sales of this design can earn an aftertax payment of $30 million.

Part I:

A. Determine the market value, EPS, P/E ratio and dividend payout ratio of this company.

B. Suppose you are a shareholder of this company and own 30,000 shares. The company has approached you with the idea of repurchasing your shares. The company offers $50 per share to repurchase your shares instead of paying a cash dividend of $2.0 per share. Evaluate whether the remaining shareholders are better off, worse off, or the same. Assume the P/E ratio remains unchanged.

C. Suppose after the share repurchase the company decides to pay out the same total dollar amount of cash dividends. Determine the dividends per share and the dividend payout ratio of the company.

Part II:

From the company perspective:

A. As the financial director of Electronic Inc., will you recommend the company to use the extra cash to pay a special one-time dividend? How will this proposal affect the stock price?

How will it affect the value of the company?

B. Do you recommend the company to use the extra cash to pay off debt? How will this proposal affect the company?

C. One of the directors is suggesting share repurchase. He argues that a repurchase will increase the company’s PE ratio, return on assets and return on equity. Are his arguments correct? How will a share repurchase affect the value of the company?

D. While the general manager also suggested to increase the regular dividend payment to shareholders. How would you evaluate this proposal?

E. One way to value a share of stock is the dividend growth, or growing perpetuity model. Consider the following: The dividend payout ratio is 1 minus b, where b is the retention or plowback ratio. So the dividend next year will be the earnings next year E1 x (1- retention %). The most commonly used equation to calculate the sustainable growth rate is the return on equity times the retention ratio. Substituting these relationships into the dividend growth model, we’ll be able to calculate the price of a share today. What are the implications of this result in terms of whether the company should pay a dividend or upgrade and expand its manufacturing capability? Explain.

FIN B281F Finance for Managers

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Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Hac habitasse platea dictumst vestibulum rhoncus est pellentesque. Amet dictum sit amet justo donec enim diam vulputate ut. Neque convallis a cras semper auctor neque vitae. Elit at imperdiet dui accumsan. Nisl condimentum id venenatis a condimentum vitae sapien pellentesque. Imperdiet massa tincidunt nunc pulvinar sapien et ligula. Malesuada fames ac turpis egestas maecenas pharetra convallis posuere. Et ultrices neque ornare aenean euismod. Suscipit tellus mauris a diam maecenas sed enim. Potenti nullam ac tortor vitae purus faucibus ornare. Morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada. Morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada. Tellus pellentesque eu tincidunt tortor aliquam. Sit amet purus gravida quis blandit. Nec feugiat in fermentum posuere urna. Vel orci porta non pulvinar neque laoreet suspendisse interdum. Ultricies tristique nulla aliquet enim tortor at auctor urna. Orci sagittis eu volutpat odio facilisis mauris sit amet.

Tellus molestie nunc non blandit massa enim nec dui. Tellus molestie nunc non blandit massa enim nec dui. Ac tortor vitae purus faucibus ornare suspendisse sed nisi. Pharetra et ultrices neque ornare aenean euismod. Pretium viverra suspendisse potenti nullam ac tortor vitae. Morbi quis commodo odio aenean sed. At consectetur lorem donec massa sapien faucibus et. Nisi quis eleifend quam adipiscing vitae proin sagittis nisl rhoncus. Duis at tellus at urna condimentum mattis pellentesque. Vivamus at augue eget arcu dictum varius duis at. Justo donec enim diam vulputate ut. Blandit libero volutpat sed cras ornare arcu. Ac felis donec et odio pellentesque diam volutpat commodo. Convallis a cras semper auctor neque. Tempus iaculis urna id volutpat lacus. Tortor consequat id porta nibh.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Hac habitasse platea dictumst vestibulum rhoncus est pellentesque. Amet dictum sit amet justo donec enim diam vulputate ut. Neque convallis a cras semper auctor neque vitae. Elit at imperdiet dui accumsan. Nisl condimentum id venenatis a condimentum vitae sapien pellentesque. Imperdiet massa tincidunt nunc pulvinar sapien et ligula. Malesuada fames ac turpis egestas maecenas pharetra convallis posuere. Et ultrices neque ornare aenean euismod. Suscipit tellus mauris a diam maecenas sed enim. Potenti nullam ac tortor vitae purus faucibus ornare. Morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada. Morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada. Tellus pellentesque eu tincidunt tortor aliquam. Sit amet purus gravida quis blandit. Nec feugiat in fermentum posuere urna. Vel orci porta non pulvinar neque laoreet suspendisse interdum. Ultricies tristique nulla aliquet enim tortor at auctor urna. Orci sagittis eu volutpat odio facilisis mauris sit amet.

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ENGL 100 Academic Writing

Task

The final essay will require the writing skills that you’ve practised in previous assignments. It should be approximately 8-10 pages (not including title page, abstract, notes and bibliography). It should apply peer-reviewed research. 

You’ll need to transition from summarizing research sources to articulating your own argument for the paper. In other words, your essay isn’t meant

to summarize secondary sources but rather draw from the secondary sources to support your own arguments.

What follows is an overview of qualities of a successful final research essay. Keep in mind that certain components, such as proper attribution to

sources and accurate citation, are paramount, and failure to demonstrate competency in these areas may result in a failing grade. 

Formatting

1.Two-part title or clear one-part title

2.Title page (APA and CMS)

3.Pagination

4.Bibliographical material

5.If applicable, end or footnotes

6.12-point font and double-spaced

7.Indentation and paragraphs

Introduction

1.Necessary background information (context)

2.Forecasting (general and/or specific)

3.Topic (research site + prestige abstraction)

4.Thesis statement

5.Logical organizatio

Thesis statement

1.Easy to locate

2.Clear

3.Argumentative rather than factual

4.Focused

5.Accurately represents content of the essay

Body of the Essay

1.Academic tone (no clichés, colloquial expressions etc.)

2.Body paragraphs organized in a logical manner

3.Logical transitions between ideas within body paragraphs

4.Logical transitions between paragraphs

5.Guiding sentences clearly expressed in the writer’s own words

Research sources

1.Academic (peer-reviewed)

2.Clear distinction between the writer’s ideas and the sources’ ideas

3.Successful balance between secondary sources and original ideas

4.Accurate use of in-text citations

5.Alternates between direct and indirect reference

6.Reflects substantial research

Argumentation

1.Overall arguments are persuasive

2.Insightful and supported by research

3.Sufficient examples and quotations to prove arguments

Conclusion

1.Repeats the thesis of paper

2.Accurately summarizes the content of the paper

3.Provides a sense of closure

Style and Mechanics

The essay is free from the following:

1.Sentence fragments

2.Comma splices and run-ons

3.Apostrophe errors

4.Quotation mark errors

5.Other punctuation errors—dashes, hyphens, colons, and semicolons

6.Subject-verb agreement errors

7.Faulty parallelism

8.Spelling errors

9.Passive language

ENGL 100 Academic Writing

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Instructions In this assignment, you will create a presentation for – Free Nursing Tutor

Instructions In this assignment, you will create a presentation for – Free Nursing Tutor

Instructions

In this assignment, you will create a presentation for your organization explaining how successful collaboration can improve success and provide competitive advantages. Scenario: Your organization has used a variety of collaboration systems developed by some project managers. Some of these systems were successful while others were not. Your organization has one unique challenge – many of your employees are staffed at other locations or work from home (telework). You would like to standardize the collaboration process to improve team communication for all company projects. In your presentation, you should do the following:

  • Explain why collaboration information systems are important from the organization’s perspective.
  • Discuss how collaboration tools can improve team communication.
  • Identify three tools that will be used for synchronous communications and three tools that will be used for asynchronous communications. Be sure to explain why you made these choices.
  • Describe how project files such as MS Word, MS Excel, MS Project, and MS Visio will be shared with team members. Be sure to explain the rationale behind your choice.
  • Explain how the task list for managing tasks will be shared with team members. Be sure to explain the rationale behind your choice.
  • Discuss how this new collaboration information system could provide competitive advantages for your organization.

Your presentation should be a minimum of six slides long (not including the title and references slides). Use of images, graphics, and diagrams is encouraged. You can use an industry of your choosing or examples from your personal or professional experiences in developing this assignment. You can also use the resources in the Suggested Unit Resources section to assist you with this assignment. Be sure to follow the 7×7 rule (no more than 7 words per line and no more than 7 lines per slide). You are required to use speaker notes to discuss the bullet points on your slides. You must use at least two academic resources to create your presentation, and you must cite (in APA format) any information on your slides or in your speaker notes that came from these sources. 

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Instructions For this assignment, you will write an assignment in – Free Nursing Tutor

Instructions For this assignment, you will write an assignment in – Free Nursing Tutor

Instructions

For this assignment, you will write an assignment in which you compare and contrast the following strategic measurement tools used by business and human resource professionals as presented in the Required Unit Resources for this unit. Compare and contrast the following measurement tools.

  • Economic Value Added (EVA)
  • Return on Investment (ROI)
  • Balanced Scorecard (BSC)
  • HR Scorecard

What are the advantages and disadvantages of each measurement tool? Give an example of how each could be used in your current (or a previous) organization. Support your homework with an introduction as well as a minimum of two references from the CSU Online Library. Your homework must be at least two pages in length, not counting the title or reference pages. Adhere to APA style when constructing this assignment, including in-text citations and references for all sources that are used. Please note that no abstract is needed. 

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Capstone assignment on Clostridium Perfringens Associates degree in Medical Technology – Free Nursing Tutor

Capstone assignment on Clostridium Perfringens Associates degree in Medical Technology – Free Nursing Tutor

Capstone assignment on

Clostridium Perfringens

 Associates degree in Medical Technology

 Univ

Case History:

96-year-old female was admitted to the hospital with complaint of generalized weakness and diarrhea. She described persistent diarrhea without blood for two weeks as well as fever, body ache and chills. Patients’ past history revealed she was relatively healthy with a previous history of cholesterol management with medication and medications for back pain. Blood Pressure on arrival was within normal limits. Initial lab work was ordered at 17:37 and the CBC revealed an elevated white blood cell count of 13.4 (4.8-10.8%) with a differential that showed an elevated neutrophil count of 82.4% (45.0- 75.0%), 16.0 % lymphocytes (15.0-45.0%), 0.8% monocytes (1.0-10.0%), 0.4% eosinophils (0.0-5.0%), and 0.4% basophils (0.0-3.0%). Her CBC also showed a slightly decreased red blood cell count of 4.09 mill/cmm (4.20-5.40 mill/cmm) with a hemoglobin and hematocrit within normal limits. Red blood cell indices were also normal. CMP revealed elevated total bilirubin 1.5 mg/dl (0.10-1.20 mg/dl), alkaline phosphatase 145 IU/L (39-136 IU/L), AST 182 IU/L (8-46 IU/L), and elevated ALT 262 (12-78 IU/L). The patient had an elevated heart rate and temperature of 101.5 degrees Fahrenheit indicating a positive sepsis screen although her Lactic acid was within normal limits at 1.3 mmol/L (0.4-2.0 mmol/L). Patient was started on the broad-spectrum antibiotics Fortaz. Blood cultures were collected.

The following morning labs were collected and received into the laboratory at 03:00. After centrifugation the tech noticed the tubes did not appear as though they had been spun. With further investigation the tech realized the patient’s specimens were grossly hemolyzed. The patients CBC now indicated a variety of suspect flags and system flags. There was a rapid change from the previous evenings CBC results. The following are comparison tables showing the initial CBC results with the first morning results:

Table 1: Initial evening results. Red values indicate abnormal results.

Table 2: Morning CBC results indicating sudden change in patient condition. Red values indicate abnormal results.

 Test

Result

WBC

36.1

RBC

2.34

HGB

5.1

HCT

10.7

MCV

45.7

MCH

21.8

MCHC

47.7

RDW

27.5

PLT

59

Neutrophil

78.5

Lymphocyte

18.4

Monocyte

2.4

Eosinophil

0.5

 Test

Result

WBC

13.4

RBC

4.09

HGB

12.7

HCT

38.2

MCV

93

MCH

31.1

MCHC

33.3

RDW

14.2

PLT

197

Neutrophil

82.4

Lymphocyte

16.0

Monocyte

0.8

Eosinophil

0.4

Reference Range

4.8-10.8 (10^3/uL) 4.20-5.40 (10^6/uL)

Reference Range

4.8-10.8 (10^3/uL) 4.20-5.40 (10^6/uL) 12.0-16.0 (g/dL) 36.0-47.0 (%)

81-99 (fL) 27.0-33.0 (pg) 32.0-36.0 (g/dL) 11.6-15.6 (%) 150-400 (10^3/uL) 45.0-75.0 (%) 15.0-45.0 (%) 1.0-10.0 (%) 0.0-5.0 (%)

0.0-3.0 (%)

      12.0-16.0 36.0-47.0

81-99 (fL) 27.0-33.0 32.0-36.0 11.6-15.6

150-400 (10^3/uL) 45.0-75.0 (%) 15.0-45.0 (%) 1.0-10.0 (%) 0.0-5.0 (%)

0.0-3.0 (%)

(g/dL) (%)

     (pg) (g/dL) (%)

                Basophil 0.4

Basophil

0.2

A slide review was done, and massive intravascular hemolysis was observed. The peripheral smear showed a severe decrease in RBCs, with the presence of spherocytosis, toxic vacuolization, polychromasia with basophilic stippling, immature RBCs, erythrophagocytosis, and immature neutrophils. Images of the patient’s peripheral smear are shown below. The house supervisor was notified of these results. Later than morning, the patient’s blood cultures alarmed indicating growth in the anaerobic bottles. A preliminary gram stain revealed large gram-positive bacilli. Anaerobic culture results revealed the organism as Clostridium perfringens.

Following this exercise, the reader will be able to describe

Microbiology chemical nature

Student Learning Outcome (SLO)

  Following this exercise, the reader will be able to compile an accurate diagnosis and treatment

Clostridium perfringens by its

  Following this exercise, the reader will be able to list the 6 different Major types of Clostridium

 perfringens based on toxins

  plan for a patient with Clostridium perfringens

 Following this exercise, the reader will be able to evaluate transmission of Clostridium

 perfringens

 Following this exercise, the reader will be able to classify the complications that can occur from

 a Clostridium perfringens infection.

  Discussion

Clostridium perfringens was first discovered in 1892 by George Nuttall and William Welch which is why it was originally named Clostridium welchii. Clostridium perfringens is an anaerobic, Gram-positive, rod-shaped, encapsulated pathogenic bacterium of the genus Clostridium. Clostridium perfringens is typically found in the soil, raw meat and poultry, in the intestines of certain animals, but is also often found as part of the intestinal normal flora and sometimes in the vaginal flora. Clostridium perfringens is one of the most common causes of food poisoning in the United States and infections due to C. perfringens can lead to types of tissue necrosis, septicemia and diseases such as enterocolitis and gas gangrene. Immunosuppression, malignancy and diabetes are the most common risk factors for developing complications induced by C. perfringens. The most common vehicle for transmission is

undercooked beef, followed by poultry since clostridium perfringens is not transmitted from person to person; it is not as contagious as other clostridium species like clostridium difficile.Clostridium perfringens has 6 major different toxins that cause all types of infections and diseases. [١] The major toxins involved in diseases are alpha (CPA), beta (CPB), epsilon (ETX), iota (ITX), enterotoxin (CPE), and necrotic B-like (NetB) toxins. While the alpha toxin and enterotoxin are known to cause human disease each of the toxins can lead to a different pathology in humans and animals. All types of Clostridium perfringens produce alpha toxin which has been reported to hydrolyze phospholipids in red blood cell membranes, leading to massive hemolysis and severe tissue hypoxia due to the failure of oxygen transport function restricting blood flow towards the area of infection producing an anaerobic environment essential for the proliferation of the bacteria. Alpha toxin causes food poisoning and the disease gas gangrene, which is the most common infection with Clostridium perfringens, it affects deep muscle tissue where gas is released causing tissue death and can be very life-threatening. Beta toxin is responsible for the disease [٢] Pigbel which is a form of acute,segmental, necrotizing enteritis presenting as a common and life-threatening disease among the people of the highlands of Papua New Guinea. The epsilon toxin plays an important role in the disease enterotoxemia in sheep and goats and recently has been associated with development of Multiple sclerosis in humans as they have been shown to have antibodies to the epsilon toxin of Clostridium perfringens. The iota toxin and its enzymatic activity destroys normal cell functions and is responsible for diseases in animals implicated in some diarrheic outbreaks among calves and lambs. Enterotoxin produced by Clostridium perfringens is responsible for causing the gastrointestinal symptoms of several food- and nonfood-borne human gastrointestinal diseases. NetB is a pore-forming toxin identified in avian necrotic enteritis but so far has not been linked to pathogenicity in humans. Diagnosis of Clostridium perfringens is somewhat difficult as it is not a routine test for clinical laboratories and needs to be specially ordered by the physician if they suspect it to be the cause of infection. Physicians will notice that the patient presents with hemolysis increased levels of indirect bilirubin, LDH and anemia are indications for further testing but if gross hemolysis is noticed immediate action needs to be taken as that could lead to death. Clostridium perfringens can be diagnosed or confirmed by detection of the bacteria and/or toxin in a stool culture or by PCR methods, stool studies will also include WBCs, ova, and parasites to help rule out other etiologies.

The Alpha toxin produced by Clostridium perfringens is the most lethal of the toxins and can cause intravascular hemolysis in patients if untreated. Intravascular hemolysis is the rupture or lysis of RBC within the circulation in vivo (in a living system). When the membrane of erythrocytes rupture, they release their hemoglobin into the plasma and will cause visible discoloration of plasma causing it to appear red or pink, as we seen in the case study. There was a rapid change in the patient blood results from the initial blood draw until the 3:00am draw as the deterioration of the body systems is fast and we see that with the red blood cell (RBC) / hemoglobin (Hb) discrepancy and by the hemolysis, in the presence of infection should prompt the physicians to consider clostridium perfringens septicemia to act quickly to provide appropriate treatment because of the severity of the disease. The patient in the case study had a peripheral smear done which was indicative of intravascular hemolysis as it showed a

decrease in mature RBCs and an increase with immature RBCs with toxic vacuolization, also a great indicator of an infection in the blood. Clostridium perfringens can also lead to sepsis in your blood which is a life-threatening complication of an infection, chemicals released in the bloodstream to fight the infection trigger inflammation throughout the body and not only fight the infection but can trigger a response throughout the body causing inflammation and changes that can damage multiple organ systems. Sepsis has symptoms that include fever, difficulty breathing, low blood pressure, and a fast heart rate which is how our patient presented in the case study. Clostridium perfringens septicemia is rare due to CPA-mediated destruction of red blood cells but typically proves rapidly fatal in this situation early antibiotic treatment would be essential. Our Patient had Blood cultures done to confirm a blood infection and the next morning it grew Clostridium perfringens. Once the organism is identified we can now proceed with treatment although the patient was started on broad spectrum antibiotics, we can now narrow the antibiotics to what is needed. Infection with C perfringens is probably the most serious condition, and treatment should be started as soon as suspicion arises. You treat C. perfringens by managing any complications until it passes, dehydration caused by diarrhea and vomiting is the most common complication.[٣] C. perfringens strains are generally sensitive to a variety of antibiotics, such as penicillins, cephalosporins, carbapenems, clindamycin, metronidazole and vancomycin. Benzylpenicillin has been listed as the first choice.However, there is experimental data indicating that clindamycin and metronidazole, among others, may reduce alpha toxin activity more rapidly. You can prevent Clostridium perfringens food poisoning by cooling and storing foods correctly, use a clean meat thermometer to determine whether foods are cooked to a safe temperature, and finally When in doubt, throw it out and never take the chance with your body.

Case conclusion:

This patient presented with persistent GI symptoms. She did have some indicators of sepsis, but the severity was not apparent. Her Lactic acid results on arrival were within normal limits and her initial CBC was relatively unremarkable with the presence of neutrophilia and slightly anemia. In time span of less than 12 hours the patient’s condition deteriorated rapidly. The C. perfringens bacteria rapidly proliferated causing massive intravascular hemolysis which lead to the patient’s death only a few hours after her specimens were received in the lab the lab the morning after her arrival. Unfortunately, because of the patient’s age an autopsy was not performed, and the exact source of the Clostridium perfringens infection was not determined. Because of her GI symptoms, it is hypothesized that the patient suffered from enteritis for a couple of weeks and eventually the bacteria caused a perforation in her bowel that led to large numbers of bacteria entering her blood stream. This large amount of bacteria produced high amount of toxins that caused severe and rapid damage to her RBCs and the patient was unable to recover. Clostridium perfringens produces many different toxins that enhance the virulence of this organism depending on the type and source of the infection. It is important to understand the way this organism causes disease and how to recognize this organism so that rapid detection and prompt treatment can prevent deterioration of patient condition to the point where treatment is ineffective.

REFENCES

1. Navarro, Mauricio A et al. “Mechanisms of Action and Cell Death Associated with Clostridium perfringens Toxins.” Toxins vol. 10,5 212. 22 May. 2018, doi:10.3390/toxins10050212.

2. Cooke RA. Pig Bel. Perspect Pediatr Pathol. 1979;5:137-52. PMID: 575409

3. Stevens DL, Maier KA, Mitten JE. Effect of antibiotics on toxin production and viability of

Clostridium perfringens. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1987; 31 (2): 213-8.

4. Sakaue, M., Ota, K., Nakamura, E. et al. Type A fulminant Clostridium perfringens sepsis

indicated RBC/Hb discrepancy; a case report. BMC Infect Dis 19, 719 (2019).

5. Julian I. Rood, Vicki Adams, Jake Lacey, Dena Lyras, Bruce A. McClane, Stephen B. Melville,

Robert J. Moore, Michel R. Popoff, Mahfuzur R. Sarker, J. Glenn Songer, Francisco A. Uzal, Filip Van Immerseel,Expansion of the Clostridium perfringens toxin-based typing scheme,Anaerobe,Volume 53,2018,Pages 5-10,ISSN 1075-9964,

6. Francisco A Uzal, John C Freedman, Archana Shrestha, James R Theoret, Jorge Garcia, Milena M Awad, Vicki Adams, Robert J Moore, Julian I Rood, Bruce A McClane Future Microbiol. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2015 Jan 1. Published in final edited form as: Future Microbiol. 2014; 9(3): 361–377. doi: 10.2217/fmb.13.168, PMCID: PMC4155746

7. Content source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID), Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases (DFWED)

8. Success! In clinical laboratory science: complete review/[edited by] Anna P. Ciulla, Donald C. Lehman. —4th ed.p; cm. Rev. ed of: Prentice Hall health’s Q and A review of medical technology/clinical laboratory science/ Anna P. Ciulla, Georganne K. Buescher [editors]. 3rd ed. C2002. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN-13: 978-0-13-512628-6

9. Wagley S, Bokori-Brown M, Morcrette H, Malaspina A, D’Arcy C, Gnanapavan S, Lewis N, Popoff MR, Raciborska D, Nicholas R, Turner B, Titball RW. Evidence of Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin associated with multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. 2019 Apr;25(5):653-660. doi: 10.1177/1352458518767327. Epub 2018 Apr 21. PMID: 29681209; PMCID: PMC6439943

CLME QUESTIONS

   

When and for how long is a person able to spread the disease?

 C. perfringens is not spread person-to-person.

 2 days

 24 hours

 Even after the infection

What is the morphology and cultural characteristics of Clostridium perfringens?

 Gram Positive bacilli, grows anaerobically

 Gram negative bacilli, grows aerobically

 Gram positive cocci grows anaerobically

 Gram negative cocci grows aerobically

How Can You Diagnose Clostridium perfringens?

 laboratory test detects the bacteria or the toxin in a stool sample

 Palpation of the stomach

 Gram stain

 No test to confirm

What are some complications that can occur from a C. perfringens infection?

 None

 intravascular hemolysis

 Kidney failure

 Respiratory failure

 A 35-year-old man is brought to the hospital a few days after a biking accident. He is found to

 have multiple fractures with open wounds in the leg. His vital signs show low blood press

please answer the following questions and submit in a word – Free Nursing Tutor

please answer the following questions and submit in a word – Free Nursing Tutor

 please answer the following questions and submit in a word document. The purpose of this is show your knowledge (in your own words) related to the topics and questions. Please answer each question with at least 3 complete sentences (or more). 

1 – Which is more important – content or delivery? 

2 – How can I better be better to speak off the cuff?

3 – Why is preparation important when public speaking?

4 – How do I address a hostile group?

5 – How do I deal with stage fright?

6 – How do I overcome a tendency to say ‘um” or “uh?”

7 – What is the difference between an informative speech and a persuasive speech? 

8 – What skills do I need to be an effective public speaker?

9 – How do I become more articulate in public speaking?

10 – What was the most important concepts or skills learned in this class?

Some would argue crime is driven by social injustice and – Free Nursing Tutor

Some would argue crime is driven by social injustice and – Free Nursing Tutor

Some would argue crime is driven by social injustice and wealth inequality. Select any crime related story linked to social injustice or economic inequality. 200 words

What do you think of the concept of moral entrepreneurs and moral panics? Is it an overblown academic position, or does it represent reality? What would you say to someone who says that any moral panic still represents a real problem that must be dealt with? Finally, what examples of potential moral panics can you identify that would call for new criminal justice policies? 200 words

The criminal justice system is in a constant state of change. Looking forward to the 21st century, how do we see police, courts, and corrections changing to meet the needs of society? 200

As you’re putting the final touches on it, use the – Free Nursing Tutor

As you’re putting the final touches on it, use the – Free Nursing Tutor

As you’re putting the final touches on it, use the instructions below to ensure that you’ve completed the assignment correctly.

You have been asked to choose a particular issue facing the city of Detroit and to examine it in three parts:

  1. Understand its root causes and current status. By current status I mean who is this issue affecting (positively or negatively) now, and how is it affecting Detroit or the metro area — socio-economically or politically?
    • Explaining the root causes should be the smallest section of your assignment that should function only as an introduction to your explanation of the current status. Given that your topic is current, events that occurred earlier than the 1950s are not directly relevant and therefore should not be included. (Exception: I would consider it appropriate to refer back to Detroit’s diverse industries prior to the automobile as a model for current economic revival)
    • The current status should be detailed and you should provide sufficient evidence (current data) to support any and all claims about the current status. For instance, if I say that crime rates are higher in neighborhoods with higher rates of vacancy and demolished homes (blighted neighborhoods), then I should either precede this claim with evidence (according to such and such study…) or provide the evidence to support it after I’ve made the claim (For instance, in such and such study …). Remember also that correlation alone does not adequately support a claim of causation. So, I should not conclude that blight alone causes crime merely from the correlation of the two.
  2. Understand what is currently being done at the policy, civic, market or personal level (or combination thereof) to address this issue.
  3. Analyze current efforts being put towards resolving this particular issue of concern. The question you are most interested in answering here is whether current efforts are addressing root causes. If so, what might be impeding their success – could it be finances or human capital for instance. If current efforts are not addressing root causes, why not and how could these efforts be improved?

For both sections 2 & 3 be sure to use either Kalleberg, Biggs & Helms, Eliasph, or Kraft & Furlong where appropriate to give your explanation and analysis a solid framework. For example, you would say something like, 

Given Kalleberg’s definition of good jobs namely, “…(parenthetic citation)” the majority of African Americans in Detroit do not have access to good jobs.

FORMAT

  • APA OR MLA FORMAT with a title page. This one is not anonymous.
  • WORKS CITED page should be included at the end of your assignment and should be formatted the same way as the rest of your assignment (APA or MLA). A “Works Cited” is different from a bibliography in the sense that you would only include those sources that you have either quoted, paraphrased or somehow referred to in your assignment. You should be using the minimum number of sources for each category that I specified in the instructions from the first stage of your assignment.
  • IN-TEXT CITATIONS are required. This means that any source of information you use to support your thesis requires a parenthetic in-text citation. Please let me know if you’re not sure how to properly format parenthetic in-text citations, because using information without giving credit to its source will be considered plagiarism and will immediately result in a failing grade for the assignment you submit.
  • NUMBER OF PAGES is a minimum of 7 double-spaced pages — not including title page or works cited. 
  • DIRECT QUOTES should not be more than 3 lines (not sentences).
  • FONT should be a normal 12 point font. 
  • Let me know if you have any further questions

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1- Please use the provided 2 books references Attached at – Free Nursing Tutor

1- Please use the provided 2 books references Attached at – Free Nursing Tutor

1- Please use the provided 2 books references Attached at bottom; journal, and website. Don’t use other references, please use the 4 references only.

2- Follow the instructions and sample provided and write as attached.

3- Pick a topic within Tax Fundamentals + Tax policy in the two books.

4- An academic (peer-reviewed) article citation on your topic in APA style :

  Taite, P. C. (2020). Making Tax Policy Great Again: America, You’ve Been Trumped. Florida Tax 

Review, 24(1), 240.

A-  (dub)

B- Key words: 

C- TAX

D- Policy Tax 

E- Economics Tax

4- An academic (peer-reviewed) article citation on your topic in APA style.

Which databases you used to find the article.

The list of keywords you used to conduct your search.

5-  An statistical, governmental or legal citation on your topic in APA format :

The author: U.S. Department of the Treasury off

U.S. Department of the Treasury Office of Tax Analysis July 23, 2015

https://home.treasury.gov/policy-issues/tax-policy

6- A newspaper AND magazine citation on your topic in APA citation style.

Which databases you used to find the article.

The list of keywords you used to conduct your search.

 7-  •Evaluate and assess TWO sources you’ve chosen over the course of the semester.

•Make notes answering questions about authority, relevance, purpose, etc.

•Do background research on publisher, author or any other important information as needed.

•Create TWO annotations for these sources using your notes, background research and with your chosen topic in mind. 

note: See sample annotated bibliography sample papers for examples of how to create an annotation.

The books :

Bogenschneider, B. N. (2020). How america was tricked on tax policy: Secrets and undisclosed practices. Anthem Press. 

Auerbach, A. J., & Hassett, K. A. (2005). Toward fundamental tax reform. AEI Press.