ACT305 Corporate Accounting and Depreciation Rate

Questions:

This Assignment is worth 20% of the total assessment for this unit. This assignment will be marked out of 100 and scaled down to being out of 20. The assignment has 5 questions. 
Q1. 
Buildit Ltd, a fabricating company, bought an industrial drill on 1st July 2020 for a price of $150,000. The CFO estimated that the drill had a useful life of 6 years and a straight line basis of depreciation was applied. One year later, on 1st July 2021 due to technological improvements the CFO determined that the drill would have to be replaced earlier in order to remain competitive. The remaining useful life was estimated to be 4 years. The accounting depreciation rate was changed to reflect this alteration. 
The drill was sold for $69,000 on 30 June 2023. This equipment attracted a tax depreciation rate of 35% p.a. The company tax rate is 30%. 
Required 
For each of the 3 years ended 30 June 2021, 2022 and 2023, calculate the carrying amount and tax base of the drill, and show the deferred tax journal entry at the end of each year. Provide explanations for your
Q2. 
At the 1st July 2022 Towelling Ltd had the following financial position: Carrying amount Fair value 
Assets 
Current assets 
Cash $270,000 $270,000 
Accounts receivable 1,080,000 1,080,000 
Total current assets $1,350,000 
Non-current assets 
Plant and equipment $2,835,000 $2,160,000 
Accumulated depreciation (810,000) 
Fixtures and fittings 1,215,000 1,147,500 
Accumulated depreciation (135,000) 
Motor vehicles 1,080,000 823,500 
Accumulated depreciation (270,000) 
Land 1,485,000 2,025,000 
Total non-current assets $5,400,000 
Total assets $6,750,000 
Liabilities 
Current liabilities 
Accounts payable $135,000 $135,000 
Total current liabilities $135,000 
Non-current liabilities 
Long term loan $540,000 $540,000 
Total non-current liabilities $540,000 
Total liabilities $675,000 
Net assets $6,075,000 
Equity 
Share capital – 135,000 ordinary shares $3,375,000 
Retained earnings 2,700,000 
Total equity $6,075,000 Cotton Ltd had purchased all the assets and taken over all the liabilities of Towelling Ltd on 1st July 2022. 
The purchase consideration included Cotton Ltd issuing to the Towelling Ltd shareholders 6 Cotton Ltd shares and giving them a cash payment of $2.70 for each one Towelling Ltd share held. The Cotton Ltd shares were deemed to have a fair value of $9.45 each. The costs of issuing the Cotton Ltd shares amounted to $810. The Towelling Ltd shareholders would also have a patent transferred to them. This patent was internally generated by Cotton Ltd with a carrying value of $540,000 and was deemed to have a fair value of $1,350,000. At 30th June 2022 Towelling Ltd had noted in its financial statements a contingent liability due to a guarantee that the company had given for another company’s loan. No value had been placed on the guarantee but the fair value at the date of acquisition was assessed at $54,000. 
Prior to the acquisition of Towelling Ltd Cotton Ltd sought advice from lawyers and accountants and at the completion of the acquisition their fees amounted to $13,500.
Required 
Complete the journal entries in the books of Cotton Ltd recording the acquisition of Towelling Ltd.
Q3 
Benjamin Ltd owns all of the issued share capital of Franklin Ltd. 
The following transactions occurred during the financial year ending 30th June 2022. 
(a) On 15th January 2022 Benjamin Ltd purchased inventory from Franklin Ltd for $52,800 which gave Franklin Ltd a pre-tax profit of $15,840. Benjamin Ltd sold one quarter of the inventory to external parties for $16,500 and the remainder were sold back to Franklin Ltd for $71,500 on account. 
(b) On 1st February 2021 Benjamin Ltd sold equipment, which had cost Benjamin Ltd $374,000 with an accumulated depreciation balance at the time of sale of $44,000, to Franklin Ltd for $352,000. Franklin Ltd applies a 10% straight line depreciation rate to equipment. On 30th June 2022 Franklin Ltd sold the equipment to Jefferson Ltd for $220,000. 
(c) Benjamin Ltd, owns a car dealership and sold a car on 1st July 2021 to Franklin Ltd which Franklin Ltd classified as a motor vehicle. The sale price was $44,000 with a cost of sales of $22,000. Franklin depreciates motor vehicles at 20% on a straight-line basis. 
(d) Franklin Ltd purchased a new production facility on 1st September 2021 for $1,600,000. The factory equipment required calibrating and staff training to enable them to operate it. To facilitate this Benjamin Ltd provided management staff to oversee the calibration and training at a cost to Benjamin Ltd of $22,000 for which they billed Franklin Ltd $110,000. This latter cost Franklin Ltd treated as part of the cost of installation and added it to the cost of the facility. Franklin Ltd depreciates the facility on a reducing balance basis at a yearly rate of 30%. 
Required 
Prepare the adjusting consolidation worksheet journal entries for the year ended 30th June 2022 to eliminate the intragroup transactions.
Q4 
On 1st July 2021 Jensen Ltd acquired 80% of the issued shares of Interceptor Ltd for $315,200. The equity of Interceptor Ltd at that date comprised: 
Share capital (250,000 ordinary shares) $250,000 
Retained earnings 49,375 
General reserve 100,000
The assets and liabilities of Interceptor Ltd were all valued at fair value except for: 
Carrying 
amount 
Fair 
value 
Land $230,000 $250,000 
Machinery (cost $187,500) 125,000 150,000 
Inventory 81,250 100,000 
Additional information 
The machinery, which a remaining life of 5 years, was sold on 1st July 2022 for $175,000. All the inventory held at 1st July 2021 was sold in the year after acquisition. All valuation adjustments were made by consolidation worksheet journal entries. Interceptor Ltd had the following transactions during the years to 30th June 2022 and 30th June 2023.
2022 
January 17 Paid an interim dividend $10,000. $5,000 being funded out of pre-acquisition profits.

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